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Points and Miles Valuation

Our Valuation Method

The valuations provided on Pointsreckoning.com are the opinions of the site and its affiliated staff only. No guarantee is made that an individual will be able to redeem points in a manner that equals or exceeds our valuation estimates. No bank, credit issuer or other institution endorses, or has any input, on our valuation methods. We reserve the right to alter our valuation method at any time, without notice. All award currency estimates are in United States Dollars.

How We Value Airline Miles

At Points Reckoning we value points at what we call the “Average Consumer’s Redemption Value”, or ACRV. To us, this means that although some exceptionally lucrative redemption opportunities exist, the average, points and miles semi-savvy consumer is unlikely to realize them. Furthermore, we LIMIT AWARD SEARCHES TO WEB OPTIONS ONLY. This is important to keep in mind, as some carriers do offer better availability, especially on codeshare bookings, when speaking to a reservation agent.

With the above in mind, we take a standardized basket of hypothetical redemption’s, price them at the lowest cost cash alternative(CA) and divide by the amount of reward currency(RC) necessary to redeem. The average of these redemption’s is called the Points Reckoning Estimate(PRE). Furthermore, we reduce the PRE by 25% for non-transferable(or minimally transferable) currencies(the RF). This reduction is to compensate for the lack of miles earned on award redemption’s, the inflexibility of award travel when compared to cash, and the risk of future devaluation. The resultant ACRV is what we would pay for the point/mile if it were offered for sale.

All flights, both award and cash-alternatives are limited by maximum flight times and number of stops. To calculate maximum allowable flight time, we first look at the lenght of a nonstop flight and then multiply by a logarithmically declining number, from a multiplier of 3x at 0(hrs) to 1.65 at 20(hrs). The result of this calculation is rounded up to the nearest hour.

Maximum hypothetical flight times

We choose to use the lowest price cash alternative because airline flights are semi-generic. This of course, is not to say all airline flights are the same. Hardly anyone would consider China Eastern and Cathay Pacific comparable carriers. However, we do believe that for the purposes of valuation, most airlines are similar enough, especially over competing routes.

Finally, we further break down our valuation as it pertains to travelers who typically travel domestically vs. those who primarily travel internationally.

Airline Example(for illustrative purposes only)

Assume we’re attempting to place a value on Delta Skymiles. Our research tell us that the lowest cost non-stop(or reasonable single-stop) business class one-way ticket from LAX to LHR costs $4,397.00. It does not matter that the lowest cost cash alternative is, or is not on Delta, since this would likely have a minimal impact on the cash purchaser’s decision, assuming the product was comparable. Let’s also assume that Delta is requiring 137,000 Skymiles + $5.60 in fees to book this flight as an award. The calculation would be ($4397.00-5.60)/137,000, for a redemption value of $0.032. We then reduce this by 25%(to .024). This would of course be repeated a number of times in an attempt to minimize the impact of extremely lucrative or extremely poor redemption values.

PRE(Average Including Zeros) Reduction Factor ACRV
$0.03 25.00% $0.0225

How We Value Hotel Points

Unlike airline flights, hotels are not semi-generic. That is to say, one cannot simply pick a date and city and come up with a cash alternative price. Each property is unique and we must keep that mind when valuing points. This actually makes hotel calculations a bit easier. We simply have a standard basket of global cities, take the cash price of specific hotels less fees and divide by the amount of reward currency required to book. To keep everything standardized, we always use the lowest priced, advance purchase room with a king sized bed. Just like with airline miles, we do reduce the resultant figure. However, because hotel award availability is generally better than airlines, the reduction is only 10%. Again, this reduction is to compensate for the lack of points earned on award redemption’s, the inflexibility of award travel when compared to cash, and the risk of future devaluation.

Hotel Example(for illustrative purposes only)

If we were attempted to place a value on Starwood Preferred Guest’s Starpoints, we might look towards the W Miami. The average room rate(including taxes/fees, over a week long period) is $425.00. This room can also be booked for 17,142 Starpoints. Our value would simply be $0.0248. This would then be repeated a number of times in an effort to minimize the impact of extremely lucrative or extremely poor redemption values. Finally, we’d reduce this figure by 25%, to achieve and ACRV of $0.0186.

How We Value Transferable Currencies

Composition of a Transferable Point's Value

This is where things start getting tricky, but here is the basic premise. Transferable currency valuations are derived from the valuations placed on their transfer partners. However, it’s not a simple average. Doing so would ignore the fact that people are more likely to transfer their valuable points to a high value partner than a low one. To compensate for this, we weight higher value transfer partners more than lower value ones, using a linear scale. To sweeten the pot, we weight our “average of averages” at 90% and an average of best redemptions at 10%. Below is an abstract example:

How we’d find the weighted average of a series, 1-10:

In this hypothetical scenario, the simple average would be 5.5. However, this is unrealistically low. Assuming that 10 is more valuable than 9, it would follow that it’s more likely to be chosen. To compensate(or at least attempt to), we first assign a weight to the value based on it’s percent of the series’ total. For example, 1 is 1.82% of the series’s total of 55, and 10 is 18.18%. We can then produce the following chart:

Value Weigh in Series Weighted Value
$1.00 0.018182 $0.0182
$2.00 0.036364 $0.0727
$3.00 0.054545 $0.1636
$4.00 0.072727 $0.2909
$5.00 0.090909 $0.4545
$6.00 0.109091 $0.6545
$7.00 0.127273 $0.8909
$8.00 0.145455 $1.1636
$9.00 0.163636 $1.4727
$10.00 0.181818 $1.8182
Weighted Average  $7.00
Simple Average  $5.50

All the aforementioned can be summarized like this. The value of a transferable currency is 90% the weighted average of it’s transfer partners’s non-Zero mean and 10% the weighted average of it’s transfer partner’s best redemptions.As you can see above, the weighted average is 7, which we consider a more realistic valuation than 5.5(the simple average).